In the coming months, the three EU co-legislators will negotiate an agreement at EU level. The European Commission can propose changes or withdraw the CAP. However, if the European Commission surrenders and the Council of the EU and Parliament insist on approving a “let-do” CAP incompatible with the EU-Greens agreement, there is little hope of higher ambitions and all attention is focused on the difficult negotiations on the CAP`s strategic plans at national level. Eu-EU agriculture ministers have agreed on a reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. The agreement, which has been concluded for several years, will place greater emphasis on environmental protection. In the early hours of Tuesday 21 July 2020, at around 5:30 a.m., after four days and four nights of negotiations, the Heads of State and Government of the European Council reached an agreement on both the next-generation EU recovery instrument and the Multi-Year Financial Framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2027. The agreement between 27 heads of state and government, who entered into negotiations with very divergent positions, was an astonishing political achievement. And while the inevitable compromises have been accompanied by regret, it is extraordinary that each leader has expressed satisfaction with the final outcome. One of the reasons for the 1992 reforms was the need to reach agreement on EU foreign ministers in negotiations on agricultural subsidies with eu external partners.  In the coming months, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament will negotiate their own positions in order to reach an agreement in the trilogues, unless the European Commission withdraws its original proposal.
On 26 June 2013, an agreement was reached between the European Commission, the Council and the European Parliament on a new CAP.   EU Agriculture Commissioner Janusz Wojciechowski also announced the agreement on Twitter and thanked the “German Presidency for its efforts to advance the work of the former presidencies and to present compromise proposals.” The mechanisms of intervention have decreased considerably, the Commission has only intervened: soft wheat, butter and skimmed milk powder. The CAP health check, adopted in November 2008, added a series of measures to help farmers better respond to market signals and meet new challenges. Among a number of measures, the agreement abolished land freezes, gradually increased milk quotas, which were abolished in 2015, and turned market intervention into a real safety net. Ministers also agreed to increase modulation by reducing direct payments to farmers and referring funds to the Rural Development Fund. The discussions lasted almost two days before the Agriculture Ministers reached an agreement on the proposal of the Federal Minister of Agriculture, Julia Klickner. “After a long and bitter struggle, we have reached an important milestone,” Klickner said at a live press conference after the agreement was concluded. Parliament and Member States will negotiate with the European Commission to reach a final agreement on the new CAP in 2021. In June 2020, the Council and the COMAGRI negotiators reached a partially provisional political agreement on all the essential aspects of the Commission`s draft regulation to extend the CAP provisions beyond 2020 (I have discussed the Commission`s draft regulation to this effect).