Meanwhile, at the end of May, the French in power, who made themselves available to the armed forces, continued to expect that the British would be replaced by French troops in Syria, even though they had argued over the exact geographical boundaries of these forces and, more generally, at the expense of relations; After the 21st meeting, Lloyd George Clemenceau had written and cancelled the Long-Bérenger oil agreement (revised version agreed at the end of April), which claimed that he did not know or want it to become a subject, while Clemenceau claimed that this had not been the subject of a dispute. There were also discussions about what was agreed or not at the private meeting between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December. [96] [97] To fill the gap in his sanitary cord, Sykes began energetically to woo the Zionist movement in the hope that the Zionists would retaliate by supporting the British regime for Palestine, which they were doing, with enormous consequences. The French were furious to have discovered that their British allies, behind their backs, had offered the Arabs the territory they wanted themselves. This put additional pressure on their squeaky war alliance with Britain. On the occasion of the centenary of the Sykes-Picot agreement, we have a set of explanatory articles on the secret agreement, an argument that still underlies the agreement, discontent in the Middle East (below) and the other point that its influence is overestimated. The scale of the clashes in the region, including the Lebanese civil war of 1975-1990, the current Syrian civil war, which has raged since 2011 and is not in sight, and even the Sunni-Shiite civil war in Iraq in 2003-2008 were all bloody, long-lasting and apparently intractable. Lebanon seems to have calmed down, but with a likely decline in the Christian population and with Iranian-backed social and medical services, which shiites have brought to other identity groups. A hopeful but radical plan would be to restore the millet system of the Ottoman administration.

It began with the recognition of the sects and religious leaders recognized by the Ottomans with populations that lived together in the same space. It would welcome Muslims with loyalty to the Ouhma or the Muslim community, instead of a geographical state. Colonel Edouard Brémond was sent to Saudi Arabia in September 1916 as head of the French military mission to the Arabs.